Today’s terrorism is nothing like the 1970s terrorism of the IRA, ETA, or the Red Brigades. Not one but many societies are vulnerable. One need not accept all the rhetoric or policies of George W Bush to recognise that he is correct on a central point. Business as usual will not be enough
That many governments outside the US are sceptical about any US-led invasion of Iraq, when not openly opposed to it, is well known. Less recognised is the division between America and much of the world on how to combat terrorism. That division is dangerous.
It is not surprising that attitudes diverged so soon after the initial solidarity that followed the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington in September 2001. After all, the tragedy of September 11 happened within the US, so the sense of immediacy was greater and longer lasting there. In Europe, many governments are anxious not to frighten their populations or damage relations with their Muslim minorities. Some believe that American foreign policy was partly responsible for the disaster and that it would be wise to distance themselves somewhat from the US.
Perhaps the most important factor opening this divide was a widespread sense of déjà vu. Europe lived through severe terrorist episodes in the 1970s and 1980s, yet managed to overcome them with their democracies intact. Terrorism (most Europeans think) is a nuisance to be managed, not a challenge requiring total change. Moreover, the political rhetoric of “evil” and “war” that mobilises Americans seems alien to those who prefer a managerial approach.